Ukraine remains one of the least energy efficient countries in the world having one of the highest greenhouse gas emission intensity amongst CIS countries. The UNFCCC National Inventory estimates total Ukraine's emissions in 2007 at the level of 436,0 million tons of CO2 equivalent (the corresponding figure for 2006 was 436,8 million tons). It is 53% less than the Kyoto Protocol’s baseline for the year 1990 (926,0 million tons), however, along with the increase in economic activity since 2000, the emissions have been growing steadily by 6,6 million tons annum on the average; resulting annually in 9,45 tons of CO2 emission equivalent per capita (for comparison: annual per capita emissions for USA is 19.78 tons, for Germany – 10.40 tons, and for Russia – 12.00 tons). Correspondently, Ukraine lies in 19th place amongst the world's largest emitters of greenhouse gasses.
Generally speaking, Ukraine is one of the energy-inefficient countries in Europe. The Ukrainian energy sector generates over 69% of total greenhouse gas emissions (299,7 million tons), including the emissions relating to electricity production, which in 2007 amounted to 101,7 million tons of CO2 equivalent.
Energy-efficient lighting is usually given lower priority in Ukraine compared to measures related to heating supply. Energy consumption related to lighting is not as seasonal as compared to heating; however, energy efficiency of lighting effects production and distribution of electricity.
Thus, there is an untapped potential for development and implementation of new energy efficient technologies in Ukraine, including energy-efficient lighting. In spite of unavailability of reliable statistics, it has been estimated that over 20% of electricity produced in Ukraine covers the lighting. The Ukrainian Government supports the activities associated with the increase of energy efficiency through various regulatory arrangements and measures; however, general shortage of funds impedes implementing large-scale energy-efficiency enhancement programs. Therefore, in line with the foremost Government’s priorities, this Project is intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by introduction of a large-scale change over to energy efficient lighting within Ukraine's residential and municipal sectors.
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IMPEDING FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
One of the major factors impeding further development of Ukraine’s power sector is an environmental. Emissions discharged into the air owning to this industry's activity amount to around 30% of all solid pollutants released into the atmosphere due to human activities. By this indicator the power industry has closely come up to metallurgy and outpaces all other industrial sectors. Moreover, power sector produces up to 63% of sulphur dioxide and over 53% of nitrogen oxides discharged into the air from the stationary pollution sources. These are the main sources of acid rains in Ukraine. Hydraulic power industry has certain adverse effects as well. Construction of hydraulic power plants on Dnieper River (excluding DniproHES [The Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Plant]) led to the flooding of large areas. Water-storage basins’ groundwater levels have been raised causing thereby massive destruction of the steep banks.
Safety control in nuclear power sector is of a great importance to Ukraine. The Chernobyl disaster has turned the major part of the country into an emergency area. The most contaminated were Kiev, Zhitomir, Vinnitsa, Rivne, Chernihiv and Cherkasy regions. Apart from soil, woods and water resources have also been contaminated; and these are important and vital ones for the citizens of Ukraine. It is possible to resolve the problems in energy sector by introduction and subsequent use of up-to-date technologies.
HOW MUCH UKRAINIANS PAY FOR THE STREET LIGHTING
According to the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction, Housing and Communal Services, as of early 2016, Ukraine has been lit by a bit over 2 million lights.
The largest amounts for the street lighting in 2015 have been paid by Kiev (44.7 million UАН), Kharkiv (30.6 million UАН) and Dnipropetrovsk (25.5 million UАН) regions. One light bulb operating cost averages to approximately 212 UAH. This is 20% less than in 2014; however, a third more than in 2013.
In 2015, the electricity consumption exceeded by 1.9% compared to the previous year (479,915.711 kilowatt / hours), but the costs have decreased by 37% - to 295 million UАН. At the same time, this amount exceeds by 7.4% the level of 2013 (274 million UАН).
The most common street bulbs in the country are the sodium ones (41%). The incandescent bulbs account for 16%, fluorescent and mercury - 15% each. The most "advanced" LED bulbs amount only to 8% of the total number of light sources.
However, metal halide light sources (a type of gas discharge bulb that provides a high light output for its size) are the fewest in Ukraine – a little over than 1%.
In general, according to the The Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Communal Services, almost 83% of all street light sources are energy saving bulbs. Most of those are in Kiev, Rivne and Cherkasy regions, while the share of incandescent bulbs is essential in Sumy, Kirovograd and Transcarpathian regions.
Street lighting is controlled by 9.4 thousand remote systems, and its operation is ensured by a little more than 92 thousand linear km of street lighting electric grids, 85% of which are overhead systems. The share of cabling networks makes only 15% out of the total number of networks.
Building a New Ukraine Together
VIDEO PRODUCTS PRODUCED WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ALL-UKRAINIAN PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING:
GOOD LIGHT: Commercial Educational Film
GOOD LIGHT: Commercial Educational Animated Film for Children
TV Commercial on Energy Efficient lighting
Video commercial "Money Grubbers"
Energy Efficient Lighting TV Commercial Message (1)
Energy Efficient Lighting TV Commercial Message (2)
Energy Efficient Lighting TV Commercial Message (3)